The Oil and Gas Conservation Commission regulates the exploration, drilling, and production of oil and gas resources to ensure the conservation of oil and gas and the protection of surface and groundwater. The Idaho Department of Lands serves as the administrative arm of the Commission.
In 2013 the Governor and Idaho Legislature approved a bill to change the composition of the Idaho Oil and Gas Conservation Commission from the same five members of Idaho's Land Board to five individuals appointed by the Governor and approved by the Senate.
Southwestern Idaho Oil and Gas Play
New production of oil, natural gas and liquid condensate in the Payette Basin (Payette and Gem Counties) caused Idaho to become the 31st state in the US to produce hydrocarbons. Pliocene-Miocene lacustrine sediments of the Idaho Group are the main targets.
Currently, the gas wells in the southwestern Idaho gas play are not searchable via the IGS interactive maps. See Production Reports table below for wells in southwestern Idaho. Permits and leasing activity can be found on the Idaho Department of Lands website. The status and infrastructure of the producing wells are shown on the IGS Southwestern Idaho Natural Gas Play map.
Southeastern Idaho Oil and Gas Play
Exploration activity is also occurring in Bonneville County. These wells are mainly targeting the Jurassic Stump-Preuss formations. A map of the most recent exploration activity is currently in progress. Check back for a link to the newest map.
Information on oil and gas exploration wells drilled in Idaho from 1903-1988 was transferred to the Idaho Geological Survey in 2009. Idaho Geological Survey has scanned the data to make all files available to the public in a digital format.
The Idaho Geological Survey maintains files on over one hundred fifty oil and gas wells in the state. These files include the reports and logs provided by companies to the Oil and Gas Commission from 1903-1988. Some files contain drilling service reports, geophysical logs, geologic logs, and lease maps. Most are one-of-a-kind documents, and many are in fragile condition. Available files are organized by IGS no., and can be found by searching our Interactive Map Application. Please refer to IGS no. when inquiring about files.
The Idaho Geological Survey holds no cuttings or core. Some wells in Idaho have cuttings or core that are stored at the Core Research Center (CRC) that was established in 1974 by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Bureau of Economic Geology (BEG) to preserve valuable rock cores and cuttings.
The Survey provides digital copies of all oil and gas document scans as free downloads. Documents for individual wells can be downloaded via our Interactive Map Application. All historic documents can also be downloaded in a zipped file (WARNING: large file, 2 GB!).
Related IGS publications
Other publications and information
- University of Idaho Policy Analysis Group Report: Oil and Gas Exploration and Development Policies in Idaho, 2013
- U. S. Geological Survey's National oil and gas assessment webpage, 2013
- Idaho Department of Lands, Hydraulic Fracturing factsheet and other additional information.